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2. Piezoceramics The piezoelectric effect means the linear electromechanical interaction between the mechanical and the electrical state in crystalline materials with no inversion symmetry. An overview for sensor applications gives (Gautschi 2002) for actuator applications one can use (Janocha 2010). The direct piezo effect discovered in 1880 by Pierre and Jacques Currie 24 Advances in Ceramics – Electric and Magnetic Ceramics, Bioceramics, Ceramics and Environment means that a structure disposed to physical loads generates a proportional charge or voltage.

2003) Ferroelectric NaNbO3 ceramics fabricated by spark plasma sintering, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 42, No. 9B, (September 2003), pp. ; Shaikh, A. S. & Vest, R. W. (1989). High K BaTiO3 films from metalloorganic precursors. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 36, No. 3, (May 1989), pp. 307-312, ISSN 08853010. Yu, Z. , (2002) Piezoelectric and strain behavior of Ba(Zr1-xZrx)O3 ceramics, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 92, (August 2002) pp.

According equation (12) and Table 4 (left side) structure 6–6 corresponds to the chosen parameters. The structure is symmetric and each basic link can be chosen as immovable one as it is shown in Figure 7 a). Based on the equations (21) and (22) and results in Table 6, the possible revolution joints distributions are the following: p3=3, p4=9; p3=4, p4=7,p5=1; p3=5, p4=5, p5=2; p3=6, p4=3, p5=3 and p3=7, p4=1, p5=4. a) b) c) d) Fig. 8. Phases of design during development of the handling device with structured piezoceramics (type A) with n0=2 and h=3, m=6.

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